AATCC Test Method 183-2010

Transmittance or Blocking of Erythemally Weighted

Ultraviolet Radiation through Fabrics

Developed in 1998 by AATCC Committee RA106

1.  Purpose and Scope

1.1  This standard test method is used to determine the ultraviolet radiation blocked or transmitted by textile fabrics intended to be used for UV protection.

1.2  This method provides procedures for measuring this fabric property with specimens in either the dry or wet status.

2.  Principle

2.1  The transmission of ultraviolet radiation (UV-R) through a specimen is measured on a spectrophotometer or spectroradiometer at known wavelength intervals.
2.1.1  The ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) is computed as the ratio of the erythemally weighted ultraviolet radiation (UV-R) irradiance at the detector with no specimen to the erythemally weighted UV-R irradiance at the detector with a specimen present.
2.1.2  The erythemally weighted UV-R irradiance at the detector with no specimen present is equal to the summation between wavelength intervals of the measured spectral irradiance times the relative spectral effectiveness for the relevant erythemal action spectra times the UV-R weighting function of the appropriate solar radiation spectrum times the appropriate wavelength interval.
2.1.3  The erythemally weighted UV-R irradiance at the detector with a specimen present is equal to the summation between wavelength intervals of the measured spectral irradiance times the relative spectral effectiveness for the relevant erythemal action spectrum times the spectral transmittance for the specimen times the wavelength interval.
2.1.4  The percent blocking of UVA and UVB radiation is also calculated.


 

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